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In the course of their work, district scientists and other environmental professionals study a host of water-related topics and prepare technical reports on their findings. See an overview of each report published by the district.
A saltmarsh creek in the Northern Coastal Basin.
Giving new life to coastal wetlands
Restored wetlands provide many benefits to Florida’s natural environment and economy
The merging of land and sea in Florida produces some of the best beaches anywhere, but less celebrated transitions from land to water are the Sunshine State’s coastal wetlands.
At first blush, coastal wetlands — also called tidal marshes or salt marshes — may seem inhospitable. Neither land nor open water, coastal wetlands are mysterious, dynamic environments where change is the only constant. Here, you’ll find a nursery for marine life, a natural filtering system for pollutants, and a buffer that assuages the impacts of rising tides and reduces erosion during major storms.
However, society has emphasized tame and stable coastlines for decades. What’s more, tidal marshes were viewed as unproductive wastelands generating little more than mosquitoes. As a result, many saltmarshes were disconnected from the influence of tides, converted to ditches and piles of dirt, or filled to create uplands.
Today, the value of coastal wetlands is understood more clearly. Nowhere is that more apparent than in the Indian River Lagoon and Northern Coastal Basins where the St. Johns River Water Management District and federal, state and local partners have rehabilitated more than 23,000 acres of coastal wetlands.