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Publications and videos

Special publications
2004 to 2005

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2005

PUB. NO.: SJ2005-SP1

By: R. Wycoff and M. Parks

Title:
Cost estimating and economic criteria for 2005 District Water Supply Plan

A technical memorandum that provides cost estimating and economic criteria to be used in the development of water supply facilities costing for the 2005 District Water Supply Plan.

PUB. NO.: SJ2005-SP2

By: Burton and Associates

Title:
Financial impact of alternative water supply

This technical memorandum reports on an analysis to determine the relative comparative impact of using an alternative water supply source upon the cost of delivered potable water for typical local utilities in east-central Florida.

PUB. NO.: SJ2005-SP3

By: J.E. Hill and C.E. Cichra

Title:
Biological synopsis of five selected Florida centrarchid fishes with an emphasis on the effects of water level fluctuations

This report presents a review of the literature for five selected centrarchid species to provide information for the determination of biologically meaningful minimum flows and levels.

PUB. NO.: SJ2005-SP4

By: E.J. Phlips, J. Frost, M. Yilmaz, N. Steigerwalt, and M. Cichra

Title:
Factors controlling the abundance and composition of blue-green algae in Lake Griffin

The goal of this study was to provide answers to outstanding questions about the character and causes of algal blooms in Lake Griffin that have a direct bearing on the management of the ecosystem.

PUB. NO.: SJ2005-SP5

By: G. Durell, J. Higman, J. Fredriksson, and J. Neff

Title:
Chemical contamination of sediments in the Cedar‑Ortega River basin

This study is the most complete sediment quality assessment to date of the Cedar-Ortega River Basin and shows that the sediments are widely contaminated with a variety of organic and metal contaminants. The information from this assessment will be used to guide management efforts to protect and restore the basin's natural resources.

PUB. NO.: SJ2005-SP6

By: R. Wycoff, M. Parks, and R. Boe

Title:
Preliminary investigation of supplementing the City of Apopka Reuse System with water withdrawn from Lake Apopka

The purpose of this preliminary investigation was to identify, examine, and evaluate issues involved in development of Lake Apopka as a supplemental supply for the city of Apopka reuse system.

PUB. NO.: SJ2005-SP7

By: CH2M Hill

Title:
Preliminary evaluation criteria in support of minimum flows and levels for sandhill lakes

The objectives of this project are to develop a conceptual water resources model of sandhill lakes and, based on this model, to identify significant water resource, environmental, and socioeconomic values of sandhill lakes and to evaluate whether these values can be sufficiently defined to develop criteria under the relevant F.A.C. rules.

PUB. NO.: SJ2005-SP8

By: St. Johns River Water Management District and CH2M Hill

Title:
Water 2020 constraints handbook

This handbook describes water resource constraints and defines thresholds (for planning purposes) beyond which unacceptable impacts to water quality and to wetland and aquatic systems are expected to occur.

PUB. NO.: SJ2005-SP9

By: GIS Associates, Inc.

Title:
The population projection methodology of the St. Johns River Water Management District’s 2003 District Water Supply Assessment and 2005 District Water Supply Plan

For this study, a model was developed to provide small-area population projections for the 18 counties within the St. Johns River Water Management District, upon which the future water demand projections are based.

PUB. NO.: SJ2005-SP10

By: J.B. Whitcomb, and the Southwest, St. Johns, South and Northwest Florida water management districts

Title:
Florida water rates evaluation of single-family homes

This report documents work toward objectives to better understand the multiple price signals sent to customers via block rate structures, to assess how wealth an price sensitivity are related, and understanding and factoring in source substitution for irrigation. Researchers set a goal of generating decision-making concerns for rate design, water use and revenue forecasting, resource planning and customer support.

PUB. NO.: SJ2005-SP11

By: M. Sepúlveda, T. Gross, S. Ruessler, and J. Grosso

Title:
Microcosm evaluation of the bioaccumulation of organochlorine pesticides from soils in the North Shore Restoration Area at Lake Apopka. Final report: July 2005

The objective of this study was to determine biota sediment accumulation factors of different organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in two biota species (Eastern mosquitofish, Gambusia holbrooki and calico crayfish, Orconectes immunis) in relation to varying levels of OCP and total organic carbon (TOC) content of soils collected throughout the North Shore Restoration Area of Lake Apopka.

PUB. NO.: SJ2005-SP12

By: SJRWMD

Title:
Aquifer storage and recovery issues and concepts

The report provides scientific information for elected officials and interested persons to support the decision-making process to implement aquifer storage and recovery technology. Demonstration sites throughout the district’s service area were used to determine the extent to which ASR can be applied to meet local or regional needs through use of alternative water supplies.

PUB. NO.: SJ2005-SP13

By: G. Miller, N. Pressler, M. Mitchell, M. Dukes

Title:
Evaluation of golf course water use

Field experiments were conducted at five golf courses in central Florida to evaluate the performance of irrigation systems and to evaluate the effects of irrigation amounts on turf quality and rooting depths.

PUB. NO.: SJ2005-SP14

By: K. McDonald

Title:
Monitoring of sinkhole development in the St. Johns River Water Management District

The St. Johns River Water Management District initiated a project to update a sinkhole database to include sinkholes that had occurred since 1992 and to make initial evaluations of sinkhole occurrences throughout the district. This report does this and expands on a database that documents sinkholes from 1984 to 1992 that was compiled by the Florida Sinkhole Research Institute at the University of Central Florida.

PUB. NO.: SJ2005-SP15

By: Hydro Geologic, Inc.

Title:
Development of an integrated surface water/groundwater model (ISGM) in western Orange and Seminole counties, Florida (final report)

The report documents the update to 2002 modeling efforts in east-central Florida by the district to address water supply planning needs. This report looks at the original groundwater model and its interaction with a new surface water model.

PUB. NO.: SJ2005-SP16

By: L.H. Motz, A. Dogan, University of Florida

Title:
North-central Florida active water table regional groundwater flow model (final report)

This report documents how the flow model simulates the effects that increased groundwater pumpage in north-central Florida will have on water levels in the surficial aquifer system and the upper Florida aquifer, groundwater system water budgets and spring flows.

PUB. NO.: SJ2005-SP17

By: L.S. Sims and Associates

Title:
Evaluation of the corrosivity of demineralization concentrate on injection well materials and associated regulatory issues

The report documents the study done to determine appropriate injection well design requirements for disposal of liquid generated by demineralization processes used to produce drinking water. An evaluation methodology was developed and described to aid in determination of the appropriate well design and construction technology requirements based on concentrate corrosion rate factors.

PUB. NO.: SJ2005-SP18

By: K.M. Portier, R. Corstanje, Department of Statistics, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida

Title:
Evaluation and quality assurance development for Benchmark Farms database

This report outlines the assessment made of the level of precision achieved by best management practices (sample set compared to targets) in a 1988 study, the extent to which the Benchmark Farms project data are consistent with expectations for irrigation data, and recommendations for quality assurance checks that can be implemented into the data collection and recording process to ensure data integrity.

PUB. NO.: SJ2005-SP19

By: None listed.

Title:
East-Central Florida water supply planning initiative: final report

This document is the third in a series of annual reports of the activities and accomplishments for the East-central Florida Water Supply Planning Initiative that was designed to educate local governments, water supply utilities and the public about water supply issues facing the east-central Florida area, and to encourage cooperation and coordination in developing solutions to the regional problems. A further goal of the initiative is to begin implementing projects to meet the area’s future water supply needs.

PUB. NO.: SJ2005-SP20

By: B. Dunn

Title:
Comparative review of use of wetland constraints in the water supply planning process

This report compares the use of wetland protection criteria in water supply planning at the St. Johns River Water Management District to the South Florida Water Management District and the Southwest Water Management District.

PUB. NO.: SJ2005-SP21

By: CH2M Hill

Title:
Evaluation of wetland and lake constraint sites in Lake, Orange, Osceola, Seminole and Volusia counties

This report assesses the conditions of selected constraint wetlands and water bodies used in the east-central Florida groundwater optimization model. This evaluation could be used to determine if the constraint wetlands and water bodies continue to have value as indicators of unacceptable impacts to water supplies.

2004

PUB. NO.: SJ2004-SP1

By: Exponent

Title:
Analysis of avian mortality at the North Shore Restoration Area of Lake Apopka in 1998–1999

This report analyzes the underlying causes of the 1998-99 bird mortality at the North Shore Restoration Area of Lake Apopka and reviews key components of the mortality event.

PUB. NO.: SJ2004-SP2

By: C. Tibbals, R. Fulton III, and L. Bradner

Title:
Hydrologic implications of reductions in streamflow at Haines Creek at Lisbon and at Ocklawaha River at Moss Bluff, Florida

This report addresses the decline in aggregate surface outflow from the Harris Chain of Lakes and the reasons for the reduction in outflow.

PUB. NO.: SJ2004-SP3

By: E. Phlips and C. Schelske

Title:
Assessment of Lake Griffin algal blooms

The objective of this study was to examine key aspects of the structure and function of algal blooms in Lake Griffin in order to investigate possible causes for the structure and dynamics of blooms. Two primary sampling sites were established in Lake Griffin, and samples were collected over a 19-month period.

PUB. NO.: SJ2004-SP4

By: St. Johns River Water Management District

Title:
East-Central Florida Water Supply Planning Initiative phase II, annual report of activities and accomplishments, 2003

The East-Central Florida Water Supply Planning Initiative is designed to assist local governments and water supply utilities in meeting future water supply needs while protecting the water resources and related natural systems. Initiative activities in 2003 were focused on Volusia, Brevard, Orange, Seminole, Lake, and Osceola counties. The primary focus was on developing new water supply.

PUB. NO.: SJ2004-SP5

By: St. Johns River Water Management District

Title:
Water 2020: Water supply planning: Summary report on groundwater modeling subgroups for areas I, II, and V

This report documents the process, activities, and results of the modeling subgroups in workgroup areas I, II, and V. Documentation includes the minutes of the subgroup meetings, model peer review comments and recommendations, and results of the modeling subgroup process.

PUB. NO.: SJ2004-SP6

By: R.W. Beck, Inc.

Title:
Final report on five potential seawater demineralization project sites — Task C.5

This report summarizes the findings of Task C.5 for the seawater demineralization feasilbility investigation which involved the development of comparative-level cost estimates and concept designs for the five preferred sites.

PUB. NO.: SJ2004-SP7

By: R.W. Beck, Inc.

Title:
Demineralization treatment technologies for the seawater demineralization feasibility investigation

This technical memorandum was prepared to provide the St. Johns River Water Management District with information on current desalination technologies and an update on advancements in the industry.

PUB. NO.: SJ2004-SP8

By: R.W. Beck, Inc.

Title:
Criteria for preliminary screening of areas for potential seawater demineralization facilities, Task C.1 for the seawater demineralization feasibility investigation

The purpose of Task C.1 is to develop criteria suitable for use as a preliminary (macro level) screening measure within the coastal areas of the St. Johns River Water Management District for siting seawater demineralization facilities. Task C.1 represents the first step in the multi-step process of site identification. This step identifies whether or not a site has preferred features.

PUB. NO.: SJ2004-SP9

By: R.W. Beck, Inc.

Title:
Applicable rules and regulations for seawater demineralization, Task B.6 for the seawater demineralization feasibility investigation

The purpose of Task B.6 is to present rules and regulations applicable to the permitting of seawater demineralization plants in the St. Johns River Water Management District. These rules, regulations, and permit requirements are important to an understanding of some of the restraints and schedule considerations associated with a seawater demineralization facility.

PUB. NO.: SJ2004-SP10

By: R.W. Beck, Inc.

Title:
Annotated bibliography, Task B.1 for the seawater demineralization feasibility investigation

This annotated bibliography represents the body of knowledge concerning demineralization technology, concentrate disposal, permitting, and economics related to seawater demineralization in the United States.

PUB. NO.: SJ2004-SP11

By: R.W. Beck, Inc.

Title:
Identification of favorable sites for feasible seawater demineralization, Task C.4 for the seawater demineralization feasibility investigation

This report discusses the methodology applied to develop the list of five preferred sites. It also includes the results of the intermediate screening steps and identifies the five preferred sites.

PUB. NO.: SJ2004-SP12

By: Reiss Environmental, Inc.

Title:
Seawater demineralization concentrate characterization, technical memorandum

This study was undertaken to directly collect water quality data from a seawater demineralization system operating in the St. Johns River Water Management District (SJRWMD) for comparison to surface water discharge regulatory requirements. Surface water discharge is the most common method utilized worldwide for discharge of seawater demineralization concentrate and is a likely alternative for any future seawater demineralization facilities built in SJRWMD.

PUB. NO.: SJ2004-SP13

By: Reiss Environmental, Inc.

Title:
Applicable rules and regulations for concentrate management, Task B.5 for the investigation of demineralization concentrate management

This report contains applicable rules and regulations as they relate to demineralization concentrate management, as well as recommendations for potential actions to support an environmentally sound, logical, and clear regulatory process.

PUB. NO.: SJ2004-SP14

By: Reiss Environmental and Malcolm Pirnie

Title:
Demineralization technologies annotated bibliography and database for the investigation of demineralization concentrate management project

This bibliography is the result of a literature survey and a review of existing reports, articles, and other literature specifically related to demineralization technology and the environmental and cultural impacts of demineralization concentrate management. The information in those reports and publications has been entered into an electronic database.

PUB. NO.: SJ2004-SP15

By: Reiss Environmental and Parsons Brinckerhoff Quade and Douglas

Title:
Geological annotated bibliography and database for the investigation of the demineralization concentrate management project

This bibliography is the result of a literature survey and a review of publications specifically related to investigations of the surface water and groundwater of the St. Johns River Water Management District and of the hydrologic, geologic, and quality parameters associated with those waters.

PUB. NO.: SJ2004-SP16

By: Reiss Environmental, Mickley and Associates, and Malcolm Pirnie

Title:
Demineralization concentrate database and GIS data layers for the investigation of demineralization concentrate management project

This document provides information to support the relational database and GIS data layers required as part of this project.

PUB. NO.: SJ2004-SP17

By: J. Varn and L. Shelley

Title:
Volusian Water Alliance governance study: Options and recommendations

This paper reports on an evaluation process undertaken to determine a feasible organizational and financial framework for developing new water supply sources.

PUB. NO.: SJ2004-SP18

By: M. Rogers and M. Allen

Title:
Relationships between river surface levels and fish assemblages in the Ocklawaha and Withlacoochee rivers, Florida, and the general implications for setting minimum flows and levels: Final report

The objective of this study was to determine how river levels affected fish abundance and communities, using a long-term dataset from several Florida rivers to evaluate trends, in order to facilitate the establishment of minimum flows and levels.

PUB. NO.: SJ2004-SP19

By: Burton and Associates

Title:
Population and water usage projection

This technical memorandum presents results of a service area demand study used to determine the projected water demands for surface water in Volusia and Seminole counties through 2025.

PUB. NO.: SJ2004-SP20

By: CH2M Hill

Title:
Surface water treatability and demineralization study

The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the treatability of a specific water source, identify the appropriate technology and basic design parameters for treatment, and determine the capital and operational costs for a potential facility to produce potable water from the St. Johns River.

PUB. NO.: SJ2004-SP21

By: CH2M Hill

Title:
St. Johns River Water Supply Project: Literature review of surface water treatment technologies

The purpose of this technical memorandum is to provide a general overview and basic summary of the different types of treatment technology that could potentially be applied to a specific surface water source. The report also references recent studies that are applicable to treatment of surface water from the St. Johns River.

PUB. NO.: SJ2004-SP22

By: CH2M Hill

Title:
St. Johns River Water Supply Project: Surface water treatment and demineralization study: Preliminary raw water characterization

This technical memorandum was developed to review the raw water characteristics of the St. Johns River. These data are being summarized for use in the evaluation and selection of appropriate treatment processes for the pilot program.

PUB. NO.: SJ2004-SP23

By: HDR Engineering, Inc.

Title:
East Central Florida Water Supply Initiative: St. Johns River water supply project: Surface water treatment plant siting study: Public involvement / information plan

The purpose of this report is to outline the methodology that will be used to accomplish the primary objectives of the plan, which are to establish and maintain effective communication with key stakeholders, to identify and resolve issues, and to develop community support.

PUB. NO.: SJ2004-SP24

By: HDR Engineering, Inc.

Title:
East Central Florida Water Supply Initiative: St. Johns River water supply project: Surface water treatment plant siting study: Level 1 analysis: Preliminary study area screening

The purpose of this report is to outline the methodology that will be used to complete the siting study.

PUB. NO.: SJ2004-SP25

By: HDR Engineering, Inc.

Title:
East Central Florida Water Supply Initiative: St. Johns River water supply project: Surface water treatment plant siting study: Level 2 analysis: Preliminary site-specific screening

The purpose of this report is to present the methods, analysis, and results of the Levels 1 and 2 siting analysis phases.

PUB. NO.: SJ2004-SP26

By: HDR Engineering, Inc.

Title:
East Central Florida Water Supply Initiative: St. Johns River water supply project: Surface water treatment plant siting study: Level 1 analysis: Detailed site-specific screening

The purpose of this report is to present the methods, analysis, and results of the Level 3 analysis.

PUB. NO.: SJ2004-SP27

By: Burton and Associates

Title:
Affordability analysis of alternative water supply

This report presents results of the affordability analysis conducted as part of the St. Johns River water supply project, which was conducted to determine the feasibility of using water from the St. Johns River as a potable water source as an alternative to groundwater.

PUB. NO.: SJ2004-SP28

By: B. Vergara, ed.

Title:
2004 interim update to Special Publication SJ2000-SP1: District water supply plan

This report identifies potential water supply development projects that were not identified in the district water supply plan of 2000.

PUB. NO.: SJ2004-SP29

By: ECT

Title:
Lower St. Johns River salinity regime assessment: Effects of upstream flow reduction near DeLand

Revised September 2008

The purpose of this report was to evaluate whether the preliminary minimum flows and levels established by the St. Johns River Water Management District for the St. Johns River near DeLand will provide protection to the estuarine resources, as required by Rule 62040.471(1)(c), Florida Administrative Code.

PUB. NO.: SJ2004-SP30

By: ECT

Title:
Environmental evaluations for the development of minimum flows and levels for the St. Johns River near DeLand at State Road 44, Volusia County

Revised September 2008

The purpose of this study was to conduct an environmental assessment and to determine whether the preliminary minimum flow and level for the St. Johns River near DeLand at State Road 44 protects specified natural resource and environmental values.

PUB. NO.: SJ2004-SP31

By: A.J. Mehta, E.J. Hayter, and R. Kirby

Title:
Sediment transport and detrital transfer changes related to minimum flows and levels

This report addresses methods to assess changes in detrital transfer and sediment transport (and load) as part of the protocol for minimum flows and levels in rivers and lakes.

PUB. NO.: SJ2004-SP32

By: G. Durell, A. Ceric, and J. Neff

Title:
Sediment quality in the St. Johns River Water Management District

This report is a summary of the districtwide and detailed assessment performed between 1997 and 2002.

PUB. NO.: SJ2004-SP33

By: A.J. Mehta and E.J. Hayter

Title:
Cedar/Ortega River Basin, Florida, restoration: An assessment of sediment trapping in the Cedar River: Phase 2 final report

The objective of this project was to predict the rates of deposition, erosion, and transport of fine sediment, to evaluate proposed remedial dredging works, and to develop management strategies in the lower Cedar/Ortega rivers.

PUB. NO.: SJ2004-SP34

By: Wetland Solutions, Inc.

Title:
Human use and ecological evaluation of the recommended minimum flow regime for Blue Spring and Blue Spring Run, Volusia County

Seven human use and ecological water resource values were evaluated in this report. The purpose of this report is to present an evaluation, within the constraints of existing data, concerning whether any of these values will require minimum flows more stringent than those developed for protection of the Blue Spring manatee population.

PUB. NO.: SJ2004-SP35

By: M. Bonn

Title:
Visitor profiles, economic impacts and recreational aesthetic values associated with eight priority Florida springs located in the St. Johns River Water Management District

This project was undertaken to establish a baseline of knowledge for visitor characteristics, including economic impacts and associated recreational values, for eight priority springs in the St. Johns River Water Management District, priority springs being those springs prioritized for the establishment of minimum flows and levels.

PUB. NO.: SJ2004-SP36

By: B. Herring and A. Davis

Title:
Inventory of rare and endemic plants and rare land and riverine vertebrates of Silver River and Silver Springs: Final Report

This report contains brief descriptions of each of the rare endemic and non-endemic plants and rare land and riverine vertebrates, non-rare endemic plant species, and rare natural communities that were documented in a survey done by the Florida Natural Areas Inventory.

PUB. NO.: SJ2004-SP37

By: Battelle

Title:
Sensitivities of “filtration and absorption of nutrients and other pollutants” and “water quality” to alterations in hydrologic regimes

This report identifies and documents a series of appropriate methods for assessing changes to filtration and absorption of nutrients and other pollutants and water quality related to hydrologic conditions imposed by minimum flows and levels.

PUB. NO.: SJ2004-SP38

By: David L. Smith, P.G.

Title:
Investigation of areas where domestic self-supply wells are sensitive to water level decline

This report identifies five classes of “self-supply well reduction in or loss of service” in the St. Johns River Water Management District.

PUB. NO.: SJ2004-SP39

By: Florida Natural Areas Inventory

Title:
Report on the rare plant and animal species and rare wetland communities occurring adjacent to priority springs and spring-runs in the St. Johns River Water Management District

Information from the Florida Natural Areas Inventory database is provided for rare species and rare natural wetland community types for 19 priority springs within the St. Johns River Water Management District.

PUB. NO.: SJ2004-SP40

By: J. Harris and R. McBride

Title:
A review of the potential effects of water level fluctuation on diadromous fish populations for MFL determinations

This report summarizes information concerning the life histories of three diadromous fishes in the St. Johns River — American shad, hickory shad, and American eel — that may be affected by changing water flows and levels, to support the establishment of appropriate minimum flows and levels.

PUB. NO.: SJ2004-SP41

By: D. Evans, D. Strom, J. Higman, E. Hughes, E. Hoover, and L. Line

Title:
An evaluation of benthic macroinvertebrate data from 20 surface water sites within the lower St. Johns River basin, 2002–2003

This report presents a preliminary evaluation of the supplemental data collected at 20 surface water sites in the lower St. Johns River basin.

PUB. NO.: SJ2004-SP42

By: B. Vergara, editor

Title:
East-central Florida water supply planning initiative Phase II annual report of activities and accomplishments

Local government officials, water supply utilities, and the St. Johns River, South Florida, and Southwest Florida water management districts began working together through the Initiative to develop solutions to their collective water supply issues. This document summarizes, by issue area, 2004 Initiative Phase II activities and provides recommendations for activities in 2005.

PUB. NO.: SJ2004-SP43

By: G. Durell, J. Fredriksson, and J. Higman

Title:
Sediment quality of the lower St. Johns River and Cedar-Ortega River basin: Chemical contaminant characteristics

This report presents the findings of a basinwide sediment quality assessment conducted within the Lower St. Johns River Basin, 1996–1999. The objective was to determine the presence, concentration, and distribution of potentially toxic organic compounds and metals.

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