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Publications and videos

Special publications
1998 to 2003

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2003

PUB. NO.: SJ2003-SP1

By: Reiss Environmental, Inc.

Title:
Demineralization concentrate management plan

The St. Johns River Water Management District (SJRWMD) has identified brackish groundwater, brackish surface water, and seawater as potentially significant alternative sources of supply to meet projected 2020 demands. The use of these mineralized water sources requires management of the concentrate that is a byproduct of the demineralization. The relative suitability of various demineralization concentrate management alternatives was evaluated for the SJRWMD area.

PUB. NO.: SJ2003-SP2

By: J. Ross, A. Rice, D. Carbonneau, and D. Honeyfield

Title:
Assessment of effects of diet and thiamin on Lake Griffin alligator mortality

This study examines the hypothesis that alligator mortality in Lake Griffin is due to a syndrome of thiamin deficiency induced by eating a diet of fish that may be high in thiaminase.

2002

PUB. NO.: SJ2002-SP1

By: J. Hill and C. Cichra

Title:
Minimum flows and levels criteria development: Evaluation of the importance of water depth and frequency of water levels/flows on fish population dynamics: Literature review and summary: The effects of water levels on fish populations

This report summarizes published and unpublished literature concerning the effects of water flow and level changes on fish populations, with an emphasis on freshwater fishes in Florida and the adjacent southeastern United States.

PUB. NO.: SJ2002-SP2

By: J. Hill and C. Cichra

Title:
Minimum flows and levels criteria development: Evaluation of the importance of water depth and frequency of water levels/flows on fish population dynamics: Literature review and summary: Annotated bibliography for water level effects on fish populations

This document is an annotated bibliography of the effects of water levels on fish populations, with special reference to Florida fishes, habitats, and systems. The coverage is primarily 1980–2000.

PUB. NO.: SJ2002-SP3

By: Z. Welch and W. Kitchens

Title:
Snail kite nesting activity in the Blue Cypress marshes during the 2000 and 2001 breeding seasons

This publication reports the results of surveys of snail kite nesting activity conducted during the spring of 2000 and 2001 in the Blue Cypress marshes within the watershed of the upper St. Johns River.

PUB. NO.: SJ2002-SP4

By: M. Hanisak

Title:
Photosynthetically active radiation, water quality, and submerged aquatic vegetation in Indian River Lagoon

This study determined the relationship of submerged aquatic vegetation in the Indian River Lagoon to water quality, submarine photosynthetically active radiation, and underwater light attenuation. Monitoring included both healthy and stressed seagrass beds.

PUB. NO.: SJ2002-SP5

By: J. Martin, J. Cable, and P.W. Swarzenski

Title:
Quantification of groundwater discharge and nutrient loading to the Indian River Lagoon: Final report

This publication reports the results of a 30-month-long study undertaken to determine the potential magnitude of nutrients flowing into (or “loading”) the Indian River Lagoon system.

PUB. NO.: SJ2002-SP6

By: J. Ross, D. Carbonneau, S. Terrell, T. Schoeb, D. Honeyfield, J. Hinterkopf, A. Finger, and R. Owen

Title:
Continuing studies of mortality of alligators on central Florida lakes: Pathology and nutrition

This publication reports on investigations into the continuing, unexplained mortality of alligators in Lake Griffin in central Florida.

PUB. NO.: SJ2002-SP7

By: J. Osborne

Title:
Zooplankton populations dynamics in Lakes Jesup and Washington

This study was conducted to evaluate the eutrophic condition of the zooplankton in Lake Jesup, using Lake Washington as a comparison.

PUB. NO.: SJ2002-SP8

By: G. Warren and D. Hohlt

Title:
Aquatic invertebrate communities of Blue Cypress Lake: Spatial and temporal dynamics in the context of environmental influences

This project was undertaken to evaluate the effects of possible future fluctuations in Blue Cypress Lake water levels. A one-year study was conducted of the structure of aquatic invertebrate communities inhabiting Blue Cypress Lake in order to evaluate the ecological condition and trophic status of this component of the St. Johns River ecosystem.

PUB. NO.: SJ2002-SP9

By: Berryman and Henigar and the St. Johns River Water Management District

Title:
Levy Lake: Flood attenuation/wetland restoration plan

This report examines two alternatives for reducing the flood elevations in Kanapaha Prairie by storing storm water in the Levy Lake area.

PUB. NO.: SJ2002-SP10

By: Environmental Management Information Systems

Title:
St. Johns River Water Management District web page database users guide

This document was prepared as a guide to understanding how to maneuver through the St. Johns River Water Management District’s database website. It describes the options available and the basic functionality of the various pages in this site.

2001

PUB. NO.: SJ2001-SP1

By: Battelle Memorial Institution

Title:
Sediment quality in the St. Johns River Water Management District: Physical and chemical characterization of new sites and detailed assessment of previously sampled locations

This report documents an investigation of sediments from 40 sites in the St. Johns River Water Management District performed to increase the overall coverage of a previous study and to improve the understanding of sediment quality in 10 areas identified as having elevated levels of contaminants.

PUB. NO.: SJ2001-SP2

By: Battelle Memorial Institution

Title:
Development of a metals data analysis method for districtwide assessment of sediment contamination

This report documents a study to develop a data analysis approach or method that can be used to determine background metal concentrations and show how that information can be applied to a wide region.

PUB. NO.: SJ2001-SP3

By: CH2M Hill

Title:
Water supply needs and sources assessment: Alternative water supply strategies investigation: Application of planning-level cost estimating procedures

The purpose of the report was to document development of a planning-level cost estimate for mitigating potential impacts to wetland and aquatic communities using an impact assessment and cost estimating methodology developed in a previous study.

PUB. NO.: SJ2001-SP4

By: CH2M Hill

Title:
Water supply needs and sources assessment: Alternative water supply strategies investigation: Brackish groundwater: Source identification and assessment

The report addresses the availability of lower-quality or brackish groundwater as an alternative water supply source within priority water resource caution areas of the St. Johns River Water Management District.

PUB. NO.: SJ2001-SP5

By: CH2M Hill

Title:
Water supply needs and sources assessment: Alternative water supply strategies investigation: Brackish groundwater: Planning-level cost estimates

This report, the third in a series concerned with the feasibility of developing brackish groundwater sources to help meet municipal water supply needs within the St. Johns River Water Management District, presents a cost analysis.

PUB. NO.: SJ2001-SP6

By: C. Sewell

Title:
Survey of wading bird utilization of the Upper St. Johns River Basin 1998-2000, final report

A study was conducted as part of a long-term effort to monitor wading bird populations in the Upper St. Johns River Basin as to how populations relate to the restoration of marshes in the headwaters of the St. Johns River. This report summarizes data collected between 1998 and 2000 and expands on data collected between 1993 and 1995 for a report published in 1996.

PUB. NO.: SJ2001-SP7

By: C. Schelske, W. Kenney, and T. Whitmore

Title:
Sediment and nutrient deposition in Harris Chain-of-Lakes

This report documents a study to determine historical changes in sediment and nutrient accumulation rates over the past 100 to 150 years in the Harris Chain-of-Lakes. As a part of the study, past trends in water quality and plant communities in the study lakes were reconstructed.

PUB. NO.: SJ2001-SP8

By: J. Jacobs and S. Satti

Title:
Evaluation of reference evapotranspiration methodologies and AFSIRS crop water use simulation model

This report documents a review of evapotranspiration literature, compares water requirements for consumptive use permitting, and reviews the agricultural field scale irrigation requirements simulation (AFSIRS) model.

PUB. NO.: SJ2001-SP9

By: D. Evans

Title:
Benthic macroinvertebrate data from 20 surface water sites within the Lower St. Johns River Basin

To determine the degree to which biological communities in the St. Johns River Water Management District’s water bodies have been impaired, a study was conducted on benthic macroinvertebrate communities in the Lower St. Johns River Basin and its tributaries. This report classifies and ranks the macroinvertebrates and their communities by degree of water body impairment.

PUB. NO.: SJ2001-SP10

By: Florida Natural Areas Inventory

Title:
Report on the rare and endemic species of the St. Johns River Water Management District

This study was conducted as part of the St. Johns River Water Management District’s (SJRWMD) minimum flows and levels program within the SJRWMD Division of Water Supply Management to determine the potential harm to species that live in wetlands if the hydrology of the wetlands were to be altered. The report lists the natural wetlands community types by county.

PUB. NO.: SJ2001-SP11

By: SDII Global Corporation

Title:
Time domain electromagnetic mapping of salt water in the Upper Floridan aquifer in the northwest corner of Brevard and southeast corner of Volusia counties, Florida

A time domain electromagnetic survey was performed at four sites in the St. Johns River Water Management District to determine the vertical distribution of formation electrical resistivity.

PUB. NO.: SJ2001-SP12

By: B. Boman

Title:
Effects of saline irrigation water on Florida citrus, final report

This report outlines a five-year study during which two varieties of citrus were subjected to increasing amounts of salt in irrigation water in order to determine levels at which the ability of the trees to produce fruit were adversely affected by the salt.

PUB. NO.: SJ2001-SP13

By: J. Epler

Title:
Identification manual for the larval Chironomidae (Diptera) of North and South Carolina

This report documents the steps to take in identifying the Chironomidae in the Southeastern Coastal Plain.

2000

PUB. NO.: SJ2000-SP1

By: B. Vergara, ed.

This district water supply plan addresses current and future water demands, traditional and alternative water sources, and water supply infrastructure improvements required to meet 2020 water supply needs while sustaining water quality, wetland and aquatic systems, and existing legal uses.

PUB. NO.: SJ2000-SP2

By: I. Stout and R. Clerico

Title:
Rodent population study in the North Shore Restoration Area, Part I (survey of rodents near Lake Apopka)

This report documents the trapping and counting of mice in the area of Lake Apopka, Fla., in an attempt to determine an explanation for the rapid multiplication of the animals in the area.

PUB. NO.: SJ2000-SP3

By: S. Miller, M. Lee, D. Girardin, S. Miller, W. Corbin, M. Lasi, J. Marburger, and A. Alhouse

Title:
Management plan for the control of nuisance plants on lands owned by the St. Johns River Water Management District

This management plan has three objectives: to establish goals and priorities for the treatment of exotic plant species on St. Johns River Water Management District lands, to describe methods that will be used to treat various exotic plants, and to outline departmental responsibilities and procedures for implementing plant control activities.

PUB. NO.: SJ2000-SP4

By: G. Warren, D. Hohlt, C. Cichra, and D. VanGenechten

Title:
Fish and aquatic invertebrate communities of the Wekiva and Little Wekiva Rivers: A baseline evaluation in the context of Florida's minimum flows and levels statutes

This study was conducted to determine the changes in fish and aquatic invertebrate populations based on possible reduction in the flows of water in the Wekiva and Little Wekiva rivers.

PUB. NO.: SJ2000-SP5

By: C. Fall

Title:
An evaluation of the periphyton filtration system at Lake Wade, Orlando, Florida

This report documents the applicability of this technology for renovation of urban lakes, based on results of a periphyton filter at Lake Wade in Orlando, Fla., constructed, operated, and monitored by the St. Johns River Water Management District and its contractors.

PUB. NO.: SJ2000-SP6

By: Water and Air Research, Inc.

Title:
Investigation of the effect of alum treatment on benthic invertebrate communities of Florida lakes

This report documents findings from the study of benthic invertebrates at four lakes to determine if alum is a viable treatment to remove pollutants from water.

PUB. NO.: SJ2000-SP7

By: Water and Air Research, Inc.

Title:
Benthic macroinvertebrate data from 148 surface water sites within the St. Johns River Water Management District

A survey of the benthic macroinvertebrate communities of the region’s lakes, streams, and estuaries was performed to determine the degree to which biological communities in the water bodies of the St. Johns River Water Management District has been impaired by organic and toxic metal contamination of sediments.

PUB. NO.: SJ2000-SP8

By: A. James, K. Hatfield, and W. Graham

Title:
Review of integrated surface water/groundwater computer models

Interactions between groundwater and surface water levels is discussed and evaluated using various models.

PUB. NO.: SJ2000-SP9

By: C. Demas, K. Hatfield, and D. Hearn

Title:
Decision modeling for alternative water supply strategies

This report outlines the development and demonstration of linear programming optimization models and mixed integer decision models for use in water resource management.

1999

PUB. NO.: SJ99-SP1

By: CH2M Hill

Title:
Water supply needs and sources assessment: Alternative water supply investigation: Review of established minimum flows and levels for the Wekiva River system

This report is a peer review of the processes applied to establish minimum flows and levels (MFLs) for streams and rivers in the Wekiva River Basin. This review evaluates the goals, methodologies, and assumptions applied by the St. Johns River Water Management District to develop the MFLs for the basin.

PUB. NO.: SJ99-SP2

By: V. Dreitz, D. DeAngelis, and W. Kitchens

Title:
Nesting success, numbers, and dispersal of snail kites in the Blue Cypress water management and conservation areas: 1998 final report

The Blue Cypress Marsh Water Conservation Area and the Blue Cypress Water Management Area were surveyed from 1996 to 1998 for foraging and nesting snail kites as a comparison with previous observations.

PUB. NO.: SJ99-SP3

By: GeoFocus, Inc.

Title:
Development of a population-based water use model: Final report

A population-based water use model was developed for the St. Johns River Water Management District to help plan for future water demand.

PUB. NO.: SJ99-SP4

By: Post, Buckley, Schuh and Jernigan, Inc. in association with Burton and Associates, Inc.

Title:
Water supply needs and sources assessment: Alternative water supply strategies investigation: Assessment of the cost effectiveness of specific water conservation practices

The purpose of this study was to determine the cost effectiveness of specific water conservation practices by comparing the amounts of water saved with the cost of implementing the water conservation practice.

PUB. NO.: SJ99-SP5

By: SDII Global Corporation

Title:
Final report: Surface electrical resistivity measurements of the Upper Floridan aquifer in the Titusville area

An audio magnetotelluric (AMT) survey was performed at 14 sites in the Titusville area over a three-day period in 1998 to provide a gross approximation of an electrical log as performed in a borehole without the significant expense of drilling, completing, and logging such a borehole.

PUB. NO.: SJ99-SP6

By: C. Schelske, W. Kenney, P. Hansen, T. Whitmore, and M. Waters

Title:
Final report: Sediment and nutrient deposition in Lake Dora and Lake Eustis

A study of sediment and nutrient deposition in Lake Dora and Lake Eustis was undertaken with the primary goal of quantitatively estimating changes in net concentrations.

PUB. NO.: SJ99-SP7

By: Ayres Associates

Title:
Nassau River Basin comprehensive floodplain management study

This report describes the data reconnaissance, model development, model calibration, and results of the hydrologic and hydraulic simulations of the Nassau River Basin using models maintained and distributed by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Hydraulic Engineering Center.

PUB. NO.: SJ99-SP8

By: B. McGurk and J. Sego

Title:
Hydrologic data from a Lower Floridan aquifer well, central Orange County, Florida

This report presents data collected from the Orlando Utilities Commission Southeast test well, located near Lake Nona in south-central Orange County, Fla.

PUB. NO.: SJ99-SP9

By: W.A. Curtis

Title:
Annual report on abandoned artesian wells, 1996

This document was prepared to comply with the requirements of Section 373.207, Florida Statutes. This is the fourteenth annual report on the inventory of abandoned artesian wells in the St. Johns River Water Management District and on the work plan for controlling or plugging inventoried wells.

1998

PUB. NO.: SJ98-SP1

By: Post, Buckley, Schuh and Jernigan, Inc.

Title:
Water supply needs and sources assessment, alternative water supply strategies investigation: Assessment of the cost of supplying reclaimed water to areas of high agricultural withdrawals

The report documents investigation by the St. Johns River Water Management District of alternative water supply strategies within priority water resource caution areas. One strategy investigated the use of reclaimed water for irrigation in areas with high agricultural water withdrawals from the Floridan aquifer — the citrus-growing regions in Orange, Lake, and Seminole counties and the fern-growing areas of northwest Volusia and southeast Putnam counties.

PUB. NO.: SJ98-SP2

By: Post, Buckley, Schuh and Jernigan, Inc.

Title:
Alternative water supply needs and sources assessment, alternative water supply strategies investigation: Replacement of potable quality water for landscape irrigation

This report documents work to estimate the cost of replacing potable quality water used for landscape irrigation with alternative supplies. Specifically, the purpose of the report was to determine the quantity of publicly supplied potable water that could effectively be replaced with water from shallow, self-supply irrigation wells or with reclaimed water and to estimate the costs associated with each of these alternative supplies.

PUB. NO.: SJ98-SP3

By: L. Motz, D. Spangler, D. Strazimiri, and G. Moffor

Title:
An impact analysis of the groundwater and geological effects of potential control of the sinkhole discharge at Heagy-Burry Park, Orange Lake, Florida: Final technical report

The St. Johns River Water Management District identified several ways to maintain lake levels and/or reduce the duration of low water-level periods in Orange Lake during droughts. This report documents the possible geologic and groundwater effects of sinkhole discharge control in the Heagy-Burry Park area. A groundwater model was developed to evaluate local groundwater levels and drawdowns in the area that is affected by a sinkhole discharge.

PUB. NO.: SJ98-SP4

By: J. Stenberg, M. Clark, and R. Conrow

Title:
Development of natural and planted vegetation and wildlife use in the Lake Apopka Marsh Flow-Way Demonstration Project: 1990–1994

This report describes the results of a study of the early successional characteristics of plant and wildlife communities developing on the Lake Apopka Marsh Flow-Way Demonstration Project. The study was conducted to gain an understanding of possible biological community development patterns that might be expected on former agricultural lands undergoing restoration to wetland by the St. Johns River Water Management District.

PUB. NO.: SJ98-SP5

By: G. Durell, J. Seavey, and C. Hunt

Title:
Sediment quality in the St. Johns River Water Management District: Physical and chemical characteristics

A baseline monitoring project was performed to assess the status of the freshwater sediment quality at 86 selected stations in the region of the St. Johns River Water Management District. This report documents sediments in water bodies as an indication of aquatic ecosystem health.

PUB. NO.: SJ98-SP6

By: P. Darby, P. Valentine-Darby, R. Bennetts, J. Croop, H. Percival, and W. Kitchens

Title:
Ecological studies of apple snails

This report documents a study to determine the survival of the Florida apple snail as a critical food web component in Florida wetlands in consideration of restoration efforts ongoing in central and south Florida.

PUB. NO.: SJ98-SP7

By: ATRA, Inc., Occupational and Environmental Services

Title:
Environmental risk assessment of a Lake Apopka muck farm wetlands restoration

This report is an environmental risk assessment of the Duda Farms property purchased by the St. Johns River Water Management District for restoration. It documents potential ecological risks and describes how potential risks can be addressed through site management strategies.

PUB. NO.: SJ98-SP8

By: K. Reddy, J. Robinson, and Y. Yang

Title:
Phosphorus release and retention potential of constructed wetlands in the Emeralda Marsh Conservation Area

This study was conducted to determine the long-term effectiveness of wetland soils to retain nutrients and to determine the biological processes that occur in soils after former farmlands are flooded after being restored to wetlands.

PUB. NO.: SJ98-SP9

By: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Jacksonville District

Title:
Econlockhatchee River, Orange and Seminole counties, Florida: Floodplain management study

Econlockhatchee River survey data were reviewed to determine differences in elevation reports. Hydrologic factors were also studied to explain water body elevations.

PUB. NO.: SJ98-SP10

By: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Jacksonville District

Title:
Black Creek Basin comprehensive floodplain management study: Phase II: Final report

This report describes the data reconnaissance, model development, model calibration, and results of the hydrologic, hydraulic and water quality simulation of the Black Creek Basin using the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s storm water management model.

PUB. NO.: SJ98-SP11

By: CH2M Hill

Title:
Central Florida artificial recharge demonstration program: Alternative water supply strategies in the St. Johns River Water Management District

The St. Johns River Water Management District evaluated the feasibility of increasing the flow of surface water to the Floridan aquifer through drainage wells in Orange and Seminole counties.

PUB. NO.: SJ98-SP12

By: Professional Engineering Consultants, Inc.

Title:
Lakes McCoy, Coroni, and Prevatt drainage basin study, Orange County, Florida

The purpose of this study was to develop a stormwater management master plan for Lakes McCoy and Coroni, and for the Prevatt watershed and the associated primary drainage systems. The study included an assessment of water quantity and quality.

PUB. NO.: SJ98-SP13

By: C. Schelske

Title:
Sediment and nutrient deposition in Lake Griffin: Final report

A study of historic, whole-basin sediment and nutrient deposition was conducted in Lake Griffin in two phases. Phase I, a feasibility study, demonstrated that historic sediment and nutrient deposition could be estimated using historic and survey sediment cores. Phase II refined estimates by collecting additional historic cores and by collecting and sectioning longer survey cores at finer intervals.

PUB. NO.: SJ98-SP14

By: R. Gensemer and R. Playle

Title:
Literature review and analysis of the chronic and acute toxicity of aluminum in aquatic environments

This paper provides a literature review of the biological effects of aluminum, primarily with respect to the mechanisms of aluminum bioavailability and toxicity and how its biological effects are best predicted.

PUB. NO.: SJ98-SP15

By: Post, Buckley, Schuh and Jernigan, Inc., in association with Burton and Associates, Inc.

Title:
Water supply needs and sources assessment: Alternative water supply strategies investigation: Implementation of water conservation rate structures

As part of the St. Johns River Water Management District’s investigation of alternative water supply strategies, this report evaluates the impact of implementing water conservation rate structures as a means for water utilities to moderate consumption through a pricing mechanism that increases the price of water as usage increases.

PUB. NO.: SJ98-SP16

By: W. Curtis

Title:
Annual report on abandoned artesian wells: 1995

This document was prepared to comply with the requirements of Section 373.207, Florida Statutes. This is the thirteenth annual report on the inventory of abandoned artesian wells in the St. Johns River Water Management District and on the work plan for controlling or plugging inventoried wells.

PUB. NO.: SJ98-SP17

By: J. Stenberg and M. Clark

Title:
Monitoring of natural and planted vegetation in the Lake Apopka Marsh Flow‑Way Restoration Project, August 1993–March 1995

The objective of this project was to continue measurements of ecosystem succession in the Lake Apopka Marsh Flow-Way Demonstration Project and to initiate measurements in the full marsh. Earlier ecosystem succession studies (November 1990–February 1993) revealed a pattern of increasing coverage by a few highly competitive plant species. To provide a more complete assessment of ecosystem development on the site, a second phase of the study was implemented from August 1993 to March 1995.

PUB. NO.: SJ98-SP18

By: J. Cable, C. Schelske, P. Hansen, W. Kenney, and T. Whitmore

Title:
Sediment and nutrient deposition in Lake Jesup, Florida

This report documents the sedimentation rates of Lake Jesup and possible reasons for the sediment’s uneven distribution.

PUB. NO.: SJ98-SP19

By: D. Toth and C. Huang

Title:
Investigation of groundwater resources in central Indian River County, Florida

This study included an examination of the geology and hydrogeology of the groundwater system of central Indian River County to determine a potential supplemental water resource for citrus irrigation and frost-and-freeze protection.

PUB. NO.: SJ98-SP20

By: P. Byrne and T. Stevens III

Title:
Economic impact of lower-quality irrigation water on citrus production in Brevard and Indian River counties: Phase II

The objectives of the study were to quantify the potential phosphorus mobility and sink size of recently flooded soils, to determine the time period before the existing soil horizons can function as net phosphorus sinks, and to determine the long-term phosphorus storage, based on retention capacity of soils.

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